Passion de France

Bordeaux

 

 

Bordeaux wine region is the most famous in France. It represents a third of French quality wine (AOC, crus bourgeois, crus).
 
The wines are so good that Bordeaux classification distinguishes the best of the best. Some of them are universal: Margaux, Yquem, Petrus, Cheval Blanc, Haut Brion and all the others. Bordeaux has about 7,000 castles!
 
General information on the Bordeaux wine:

 

Situation : Sud Ouest de la France, près de la cote Atlantique, autour de la ville de Bordeaux
Superficie : 10 725 km2 (taille du département de la Gironde). La Gironde est le plus grand département de France
Superficie du vignoble : 120 000 hectares (300 000 acres)
Cépages à Bordeaux : Merlot (50%)
Cabernet-Sauvignon (26%)
Cabernet-Franc (10%)
Sémillon (8%)
Sauvignon (4%)
Production : 850 million de bouteilles (25% de la production AOC en France)
Type de vin : Vin rouge corsé (pomerol)
Vin rouge (bordeaux aoc)
Vin blanc sec (entre deux mers)
Vin blanc doux (barsac et sauternes)
Gastronomie bordelaise : Huîtres
Agneau façon Pauillac
Canard aux champignons


Region of Bordeaux

 

Bordeaux is located near the Atlantic coast, in southwestern France. The Bordeaux wine region covers the administrative department of the Gironde (also a river) in the Aquitaine region.
 
Bordeaux wines take their name from the main town of the region. However you will not find vineyards in the town itself. The vines begin just outside the city of Bordeaux.
 
The Bordeaux wine region lies about 80 kilometers from the city, the largest estuary in Europe, along the three rivers (Gironde, Garonne, Dordogne). All created an environment suitable for the development of grapes and wine.
 
The climate is generally temperate Bordeaux with a short winter and high humidity due to the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.
 
Information on the Bordeaux region:

 

Situation :

Le Sud ouest de la France, près de la cote d'Atlantique, autour de la ville de Bordeaux

Superficie :

10 725 km2 (taille du département de la Gironde)
La Gironde - où se trouve Bordeaux - est le plus grand département de France

Climat :

Océanique et tempéré avec un hiver court et doux, un été assez chaud, un automne long et un haut degré d'humidité généré par l'Océan Atlantique

Population :

1 300 000 (population de la Gironde)

Villes principales :

Bordeaux (220 000 - avec agglomération 700 000)
Mérignac (63 000)
Libourne (22 000)
Bègles (22 000)
Blanquefort (13 000)
Tourisme:  Ville de Bordeaux (Palais Rohan, musées, boutique de vin)
Châteaux (grands crus classes)
Dune du Pyla (plus haute dune de sable d'Europe: 500m)
Arcachon (plages)
Les Landes (forêts 480 000 ha)


Vinemaking in Bordeaux

 

Bordeaux is one of the most important wine producing regions in the world. One-third of French quality wine comes from Bordeaux.
 
Wine production in Bordeaux:
Bordeaux comprises 57 appellations, has about 7,000 chateaux wine producers, growers and 13,000. The great diversity of Bordeaux wines also suggest a wide variety of soils ranging from gravel to sand the Pyrenees through the clay and limestone.
 
Bordeaux varietals:
Most of the grapes grown in the Bordeaux region for red wine are Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc, which give strength and tannin and stabilize the wine quality. And especially the Merlot that brings softness and suppleness. Merlot is the most planted grape variety in Bordeaux. It covers 50% of the Bordeaux vineyards (see details below).
 
The white wines are mainly produced with Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon, Muscadelle occasionally with.

 

Classification wines in Bordeaux

The wide range of quality wines from Médoc led necessarily classifying these wines are divided into raw peasants, artisans raw, crus bourgeois common good bourgeois, bourgeois and superior wines. These are classified into 5 categories. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1855, the Chambre Syndicale de Bordeaux brokers distinguished 61 premium wines. This list is the culmination of long-established practices. Since then, this classification serves as a reference price and purchase these wines.


The Bordeaux wines and food

 

The red Bordeaux are excellent with red meat (beef, lamb) or grilled veal and game such as pheasant, poultry such as grilled turkey.
 
Cheese recommended:
Camembert, Roquefort and Brie
 
Dry white wines are ideal as an aperitif and go very well with seafood or chicken.
 
Sweet wines are usually served for dessert. Connoisseurs appreciate the Sauternes as an aperitif or with foie gras.
 

 



Saint Emilion

 

 

Saint-Emilion is the oldest land of the Bordeaux region. UNESCO has recognized the value of this vineyard in Saint Emilion putting on its global list (see the statement of 2 December 1999).
 
Saint Emilion wines are considered the most robust in Bordeaux. They are generous, very colored, and reach maturity faster than other wines of Bordeaux.
 
Classification of Saint Emilion wine is complex. It should not be confused St.-Emilion Grand Cru with-St.-Emilion Grand Cru-Ranked-less and better.
 
Information on wine in St. Emilion:
Appellation : Saint Emilion Grand Cru Classé
Appellation Saint Emilion Grand Cru Controlée
Appellation Saint Emilion Controlée
Situation : Vallée de la Dordogne
Lieu : Saint Emilion et 8 villages autour
Sol : Calcaire
Argilo-calcaire
Graviers (à Cheval Blanc)
Superficie : 5,500 ha (13,600 acres)
Production : 36 millions de bouteilles (Vin rouge uniquement)
Cépages : Merlot
Cabernet Franc
Type de vin : Vin rouge corsé
Age : Saint-Emilion AOC: 3 à 8 ans
Saint-Emilion Grand Cru: 5 à 12 ans
Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Classé: 15 à 25 ans et plus
Millésimes recommandés : 2005, 2003, 2000, 1998, 1995, 1990, 1989, 1982
Arômes :

Truffes
Pain grillé
Fruits rouges cuits

Déguster Saint Emilion avec : Champignons
Gibier à plume
Saumon
Choucroute
Côte de porc
Gigot d'agneau
Saint Emilion et Fromage : Cantal
Comté
Ossau-Iraty
Reblochon
Tomme de Savoie
 

 



Sauternes

 

 

Sauternes is famous for its sweet wine produced Yquem, Raymond-Lafon and Rieussec. They are among the best sweet wines in the world.
 
Sauternes is designed with noble rot (also called botrytis, a fungus attacking the grapes). Because the soils are so diverse, and each house has its own method more or less secret, Sauternes is a wine with character.
 
Sauternes are often delicious, golden, smooth and delicate. Note the famous grilled appears when the Sauternes took a few years.
 
Sauternes wines have their own classification, shared with those of Barsac.
 
Information Sauternes:
Appellation : Crus Classés de Sauternes
Appellation Sauternes Controlée
Situation : 50 km au sud-est de Bordeaux
Lieu : Sauternes, Barsac, Bommes, Fargues de Langon, Preignac
Sol : Graviers
Argilo-calcaire
Calcaire
Superficie : 1,800 ha (4,500 acres)
Production : 4.5 millions de bouteilles
Cépages : Sauvignon
Sémillon
Muscadelle
Type de vin : Vin blanc doux puissant et délicat
Le Roi des vins doux !
Age : 5 à 35 ans
quelquefois plus de 100 ans
Millésimes recommandés : 2003, 2001, 1990, 1989, 1988, 1986, 1983, 1981, 1976
Arômes :

Miel
Ananas séchée
Noisette

Déguster avec : Foie Gras
Asperges
Homard
Truite
Fromage et Sauternes : Bleu d'Auvergne
Fourme d'Ambert
Livarot
Roquefort
 

 



 

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