Passion de France

Côtes du Rhône

 

 

Côtes du Rhône region are probably the most diverse wine of France. There are both full-bodied red wine such as Cote Rotie north or south Châteauneuf du Pape, as exquisite as the white wine Condrieu and Château Grillet, but fruity red wines such as Crozes Hermitage wines and South Valley.
 
General information about the wines of the Rhone:

 

 

 

Situation : Dans la vallée du Rhône, à partir du Sud de Lyon et jusqu'à la Mer Méditerranée
Superficie : Couvre 6 départements: Rhône, Loire, Ardèche, Drôme, Gard et Vaucluse
Superficie du vignoble : 70 000 hectares (170 000 acres)
Cépages : Rouge : Grenache 55%
Blanc : Clairette 35%
Production : 450 million de bouteilles
14% de la production de vin en France
Type de vin : Vin rouge corsé
Vin rouge fruité
Vin blanc sec puissant
Dégustation : Vin rouge corsé : viande rouge rôtie, gibier
Vin blanc corsé : poisson grillé
Autres vins rouges : beef steak, viande blanche grillée, etc


Region Côtes du Rhône

 

Côtes du Rhône (Rhône Valley) form a long narrow strip that stretches on both sides of the river Rhone.
Côtes du Rhône begin just south of Lyon and ends 200 kilometers further south of Avignon.
Cotes du Rhone is one of the wine regions most populated and industrialized.
 
Information on the Côtes du Rhône region:

 

Situation :

Dans la vallée du Rhône, au Sud de Lyon jusqu'à la Mer Méditerranée

Superficie :

Sur 6 départements: Rhône, Loire, Ardèche, Drôme, Gard et Vaucluse

Climat :

Continental dans le Nord des Côtes du Rhône (hiver froid, été chaud)
Méditerranéen dans le Sud des Côtes du Rhône (hiver doux, été chaud)

Population :

environ 2 500 000
la population de 6 départements incluant la ville de Lyon

Villes principales :

Lyon (1 300 000 incluant agglomération)
Avignon (90 000)
Montélimar (32 000)
Orange (30 000)
Vienne (30 000)

Tourisme : Avignon (ville historique, palais du Pape)
Route des vins de Côtes du Rhône
Vienne (ville historique)
Pont du Gard (aqueduc romain)


Côtes du Rhône wine

 

Wines take advantage of diverse climatic conditions and winemaking traditions of Côtes du Rhône.
 
The climate in the Rhone valley is warm and sunny months of the year. Time is more constant than in other wine regions in France.
 
The floor is made of stone, especially granite.
 
The main grapes in Côtes du Rhône are Grenache, Syrah and Carignan red wine, Clairette, Grenache Blanc and Ugni Blanc for white wine. Côtes du Rhône are renowned for the Viognier grape used in the northern part of the region (Condrieu, Château Grillet).
 
More than 75% of the Côtes du Rhône wines are red. They are usually thick and sturdy. They often have a higher alcohol content than other wines of France.
 
Information Côtes du Rhône wine:

Superficie des vignobles : 70 000 hectares (170 000 acres)
Vignobles : 8 à 10 000 producteurs en Côtes du Rhône
Sol : Granit dans le Nord de la vallée du Rhône
Calcaire dans le Sud
Climat : Continental dans le Nord de la vallée du Rhône (hiver froid, été chaud)
Méditerranéen dans le Sud (hiver doux, été chaud)
Cépage rouge : Grenache 55%
Syrah 15%
Carignan 15%
Mourvèdre
Cépage blanc : Clairette 35%
Grenache blanc 20%
Ugni blanc 20%
Bourboulenc
Marsanne
Roussanne
Viognier
Production : 450 million de bouteilles
77% vin rouge - 8 % rosé - 5 % vin blanc sec
14% de la production française de vin
Type de vin : Vin rouge corsé (nord)
Vin rouge fruité léger à modéré (sud)
Vin blanc sec puissant (nord)

 

 



The vineyards of the north

 

 

Côte Rôtie
Côte Rôtie, with its slopes, hills soaked sun produces a red wine warm, robust, full-bodied flavor and richly colored. Hard and dark in their youth, the wines become softer and develop an excellent bouquet taking age (violet and raspberry). Two varieties dominate production: Viognier and Syrah primarily. Côte Rôtie wines are often considered the best Côtes du Rhône.
 
Hermitage
The slopes of the Hermitage overlooks the small town of Tain l'Hermitage. The first plantations date from the 10th century, but it was under Louis XIV Hermitage won acclaim. He was the favorite vintage at the court of the Russian Tsars. The red wines of Hermitage are generous and the body, powerful aromas and a full bouquet. They support the age, maturity and become softer and softer.
 
Condrieu
Condrieu is considered an exceptional wine but rare. The area is only 93 hectares. The only grape is Viognier. This wine is fat, high in alcohol, gold and round in the mouth. It exudes aromas of almond, pear or apricot.
 
Saint Joseph
The vineyards of Saint Joseph is located in the department of Ardèche. Area exceeds 500 hectares. The reds are vinified from Shiraz. Rather, they are light and elegant, slightly tannic. White wines from the Marsanne and Roussanne. They are bold and fruity.
 
Château-Grillet
It is a peculiarity of wine from France. Château-Grillet appellation belongs to one owner (family Canet). The surface does not even cover 3 hectares! Yet it is the jewel of the white wines of the region. Just as Condrieu, it comes from the Viognier: fat, high in alcohol and aging beautifully.
 
Crozes-Hermitage
Crozes-Hermitage is the largest appellation of Côtes du Rhône north (950 hectares). The wines are less powerful than its neighbor Hermitage, the soil is richer here. They are fruity and it is recommended to drink quite young.
 
Cornas
Located opposite Valencia, one common appellation covers (Cornas) on 65 hectares. Cornas is a powerful and tannic red wine. Must keep at least three years to appreciate its true value.
 
Saint Péray
The name Saint Péray is threatened by the expansion of the city of Valencia. The vineyard covers less than 40 hectares. The specialty is a sparkling wine on Roussanne and Marsanne grapes. In addition, Saint Péray produces white wines cool and dry.


The vineyards of southern

 

 

The vineyards of southern produce 80 percent of the Côtes du Rhône wine.
 
Châteauneuf-du-Pape
Châteauneuf-du-Pape wine is the Côtes most celebrated. The hill is located between Orange and Avignon, in the most beautiful landscapes of Provence. Where the Popes had their summer residence. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is thick, pungent, powerful and very colorful. It can be designed by combining 13 varieties authorized and controlled from Syrah, Grenache and Clairette.
 
Côtes du Rhône and Côtes du Rhône Village
They are produced in large quantities and are very good value for daily consumption. Côtes du Rhône Villages especially in red are considered excellet quality / price ratio. They can accompany any meal happily.
 
Gigondas
The vineyard covers more than 1000 hectares in the commune of Gigondas. It is a true historic vineyard. It was developed by Raspail in the 14th century. Yet his name dates only from 1971. Gigondas reds are powerful and tannic, smelling the aromas and terroir (flowers, licorice, spices).
 
Vacqueyras
This appellation is recent, since 1990. It extends over 800 hectares and produces mainly red wine, powerful and tannic.
 
Côtes du Ventoux
Côtes du Ventoux cover nearly 7000 hectares of vineyards at the foot of Mont Ventoux. The wines have a different character depending on their origin among the 51 municipalities. The climate here is less forgiving than elsewhere in the Rhone. They are nevertheless popular wines, able to share any type of meal.
 
Tavel
Tavel is best known for its rosé. The vines grow on sandy soils. This is the only appellation of the Rhone to exclusively produce rosé wine.
 
Lirac
It is Lirac there appeared for the first time in the infamous phylloxera France, Chateau de Clory. The name products reds, rosés and whites scented Mediterranean.
 
Côtes du Luberon
The Côtes du Luberon is recent, since 1988. Due to harvest later elsewhere in the Rhône, a quarter of the production consists of white wines.


 

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